NIGERIA: The Geopolitical Setting

Have you ever wondered why Nigeria is called the Giant of Africa? Do you know Nigeria has the largest population and economy in Africa? If your answer is No, then you may need a refreshers course on the History of your land!

Welcome to our new series; NIGERIA. A simple segment which aims to reintroduce the various aspects of Historical knowledge to all inquisitive readers.


The Federal Republic of Nigeria lies at the extreme inner corner of the Gulf of Guinea and is the largest Geo-political unit in West Africa. The country is located between parallels 4o and 14o North- entirely within the tropical zone, and occupies a position where the western parts of the Africa continent meet equatorial Africa.

Nigeria extends northward from the coastline for some 1,170 kilometers. From the western border to the east, there is a distance of 1,260 kilometers at the widest part. The country extends in the south from the Atlantic Ocean (which is known variously along the West Coast as the Gulf of Guinea or the Bright of Benin and the Bright of Biafra; and the Bright of Biafra now known as the Bright of Bonny) which washes the coastline for about 900 kilometers to the Sahara Desert in the North. Nigeria is bounded on the west by the Republic of Niger. On the east, Nigeria shares a border with the Republic of Cameroon.

Nigeria’s immense land resource, with a surface area of approximately 913,075 square kilometers, makes it about one-seventh of the settled and productive area of West Africa. The country is one of a great variety of land forms.

The most prominent physical feature of Nigeria is the Niger River, from which the country derives its name. The river rises in the mountain north-east of Sierra Leone, and enters Nigeria in the north-west, joins the Benue River at Lokoja, and then flows south into the Gulf of Guinea…




EXTRACT FROM; The history of Nigeria for schools and  colleges; G.I.C Eluwa, M.O. Ukagwu, J.U.N. Nwachukwu, A.C.N Nwaubani. 

Posted On: 3 May, 2019