Artificial Intelligence Foundations

Artificial Intelligence

Artificial Intelligence (AI) is an integral part of our lives whether we realize it or not. When we book a ticket online, scroll through a newsfeed on social media, or go look at the recommendations from an ecommerce or video streaming site, we are dealing with an AI component in the background. Most chat assistants we encounter on websites or on our smartphones are driven by AI.

Making a Computer, Robot or Software Think and Act Like a Human

Artificial Intelligence Foundations 1


Intelligence can be defined as the capability to obtain knowledge and skills and apply them to various situations without supervision to achieve a desired outcome. As is the case with children, intelligence is acquired through learning. As a child grows, they learn from their parents, siblings, teachers, friends and society in general. While some learning is taught, other concepts are learnt by observation of their environment and experiences.

The fundamental premise of AI is that we can create machines that can intelligently think in the same way humans think. It is designed to learn from the environment, the circumstances it is in and the entities it interacts with. For example humans.

The need for AI is fuelled by the fact that it can make machines smart by adding intelligence to them. AI is aimed at making machines that help humans by allowing them to teach themselves every time they make use of data in order to offer better answers over time.

The goal is that these machines can function and learn in an intelligent manner with or without human supervision.


To tackle such a challenge. The problem in simulating or creating intelligence has been broken down into sub-problems in order to:

Create intelligent systems which can exhibit smart behaviour with an in-built ability to learn, validate, explain and suggest the right course of action to its users.

Help machines find solutions to complex problems in the same way humans do by applying similar logic using algorithms and display the required output to the user.


1. Cortana


An example of an intelligent system which is used commonly is Cortana. It is a voice-controlled virtual assistant for Microsoft Windows and uses the Bing search engine to carry out search for the user as well as other functions such as launching apps etc.

It uses the data stored on the user’s device in order to make personalized recommendations. It keeps track of your reminders and can help you keep your appointments.

It can help you search for files on your computer as well as calculations of answer questions where answers can be found on the internet and can send emails on your behalf.



AI is an integral part of our lives; mention areas where we can we see them in everyday use?

Posted On: 2 February, 2018