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Concord: Subject – Verb Agreement - ₦Free

What is Concord?

Concord is the agreement between the subject and verb as used in a sentence. Simply, subject-verb concord is when the subject of a sentence and the verb of a sentence agree.

Rules of Concord – Rule 1

  • Subject and verb concord
    When the subject in a sentence is singular, the verb should also be singular.
  • For example,
    It is correct to say: She (singular subject) goes (singular verb),

It is wrong to say: She go ( plural verb).

Also, when the subject is plural, the verb should be plural.

  • For example

 It is correct to say: The girls (plural subject) go (plural verb),

It is wrong to say : The girls (plural subject) goes (Singular verb).

 

  • Rules of Concord – Rule 2
  • Subject and Object concord

When everybody or everyone is used, the object must be singular, not plural.

  • For example
    It is correct to say: Everybody knows his or her name,

It is wrong to say :  Everybody knows their name.

Rules of Concord – Rule 3

  • Mandative subjunctive concord
    When suggestion, wish, demand, recommendation, or resolution is used in a sentence, the verb that follows must be plural, whether the subject is singular or plural.

For example;

It is right to say:  It has been recommended that the manager resign

It is wrong to say: It has been recommended that the manager resigns

It is right to say: It has been resolved that the election cancel

It is wrong to say : It has been resolved that the election cancelled

Rules of Concord – Rule 4

Rules of concord

Rules of Concord – Rule 5

Concord rules

SUMMARY

  • Singular subject requires singular verb, while plural verb requires plural subject
  • When everybody or everyone is used the object/or verb to be used must be in singular form
  • When suggestion, wish, demand, recommendation, or resolution is used in a sentence, the verb that follows must be plural, whether the subject is singular or plural.
  • The verb in a sentence containing ‘or’, ‘either/or’, ‘neither/nor’ agrees with the noun or pronoun closest to it.
  • When the subject is followed by words such as ‘as well as’, ‘along with’, ‘besides’, ‘not’ etc. ignore them and use a singular verb if the subject is singular.

EXERCISE

english concord

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